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An Introduction to Heat and Cold as Therapy

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Availability: In stock

Product code: 3

By: Laurel Fowlie, R.M.T., B.A., M.Ed.
Soft Cover 7.5" x 9"
295 pages; fully illustrated with 100+ photos and drawings
ISBN: 978-0-9685256-5-4

This text is also available as an ebook.

Product Description

Treatments using applications of heat and cold have been around for millennia, but there are few introductory level textbooks that the manual therapist can trust to provide accurate, current information about their use. An Introduction to Heat & Cold as Therapy begins with an explanation of the physiological effects of hot, cold and contrast treatments and the rationales for their usage as therapeutic modalities. It then provides general treatment guidelines, as well as a discussion of contraindications and cautions related to temperature therapy treatment planning. The remainder of the book is dedicated to presenting detailed, fully illustrated descriptions of how to make available a large number of temperature treatments in clinical practice and as home care recommendations. An Introduction to Heat & Cold as Therapy meets the needs of students and practitioners alike.

Table of Contents

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements   3

Preface: Hydrotherapy or Temperature Therapy?   7

Chapter 1:  Core Concepts   11

   Properties of the Skin   13 
   Skin Functions   15
   Reaction   18
   Temperature Regulation   18
   Properties of Water   24
   Transfer of Heat   26
   Manual Therapies   28
   Effects of Temperature Therapy Applications   29

Chapter 2:  Physiological Effects of Cold   35

   Retrostasis and Heat Conservation   37
   Hunting Response   38
   Inflammation and Cryotherapy   39
   Stages of Inflammation   43
   Why Cold is Effective   44
   Duration of Effects of Cold   47
   Influences on Cold’s Effects   49
   Direct Effects of Cold   51
   Reflex Effects of Cold   56
   Indications for Cold Applications   57
   Caution with Cryotherapy   58

Chapter 3:  Physiological Effects of Heat   61

   Warm and Hot   63
 •  Passive Derivation   64
 •  Factors That Influence Heat’s Effects   67
   Direct Effects of Heat   69
   Reflex Effects of Heat   78
   Indications for Heat Applications   83
 •  Caution with Thermotherapy   84

Chapter 4:  Physiological Effects of Contrast   87

   Indications for Contrast Treatments   94
   Caution with Contrast   95

Chapter 5:  Temperature Therapy Guidelines   97

   Case History   99
   Assessment   100
   Dosimetry   108
 •  Informed Consent   114
   General Treatment Guidelines   116
   Ending a Treatment   121
   Negative Reactions   123

Chapter 6:  Contraindications and Cautions   131

   What are Contraindications and Cautions?   133
   Temperature Therapy Critical Thinking   135
   Medications   138
   Contraindications and Cautions List   141

Chapter 7: Commonly Used Treatments   161

   Gel Packs and Ice Bags   164
   Ice Massage   166
   Ice Bandage   168
   Compresses and Fomentations   170
   Foot Baths   184
   Tonic Friction Applications   188
   Washings   198
   Thermophore   202
   Hydrocollator   204
   Paraffin Wax Bath   207
   Hot Stone Massage   212

Chapter 8: Large, Intense Hydrotherapy Treatments   217

   Introduction: Large Scale Hydrotherapy Treatments   219
   General Procedures   221
   Steam Treatments   223

Chapter 9: Additives   245

   Essential Oils   247
   Epsom Salts   252
   Apple Cider Vinegar   254
   Ginger   254
   Mustard   256
   Baking Soda   258
   Oatmeal   258
   Castor Oil   259

Chapter 10: Home Care Temperature Therapy   263

   Client Education   265
   Recommending Home Treatments   267
   Monitoring Outcomes   273

Appendix   275

 •  Celsius/Fahrenheit Conversion   276
 •  Temperature Range Chart   277
 •  Key Words and Terms   278

Bibliography   284

Index   288

About the Author
Laurel Fowlie graduated in 1992 from the University of Waterloo with a B.A. in Social Development. She worked with adults with physical disabilities for ten years; during this time she also trained in reflexology and aromatherapy. Laurel decided to study massage therapy and entered the Alexandrian Institute in 1998, receiving her diploma and Ontario certification in 1999. She then moved to Fredericton, New Brunswick, where she worked in a variety of clinical settings. In 2002, Laurel was hired to work for a year on the Queen Elizabeth 2 ocean liner as a hydrotherapist/massage therapist, reflexologist, and spa supervisor.

In 2003, Laurel completed her teaching certificate and M.Ed. in adult education at the University of New Brunswick (UNB), as well as a diploma in university teaching. In addition to being a teaching assistant and sessional instructor at UNB, Laurel has taught at New Brunswick Community College (NBCC). She taught Hydrotherapy at the KinéConcept Institute, and has presented numerous seminars on reflexology, aromatherapy, and other health-related topics. Laurel currently works at Kikkawa College in Toronto.