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An Introduction to Heat & Cold as Therapy

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$49.95
By: Laurel Fowlie, R.M.T., B.A., M.Ed.
Soft Cover 7.5" x 9"
295 pages; fully illustrated with 100+ photos and drawings
ISBN: 978-0-9685256-5-4

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An Introduction to Heat & Cold as Therapy

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  • Front Cover - An Introduction to Heat & Cold as Therapy
  • Back Cover - An Introduction to Heat & Cold as Therapy

Treatments using applications of heat and cold have been around for millennia, but there are few introductory level textbooks that the manual therapist can trust to provide accurate, current information about their use. An Introduction to Heat & Cold as Therapy begins with an explanation of the physiological effects of hot, cold and contrast treatments and the rationales for their usage as therapeutic modalities. It then provides general treatment guidelines, as well as a discussion of contraindications and cautions related to temperature therapy treatment planning. The remainder of the book is dedicated to presenting detailed, fully illustrated descriptions of how to make available a large number of temperature treatments in clinical practice and as home care recommendations. An Introduction to Heat & Cold as Therapy meets the needs of students and practitioners alike.

About the Author

Laurel Fowlie graduated in 1992 from the University of Waterloo with a B.A. in Social Development. She worked with adults with physical disabilities for ten years; during this time she also trained in reflexology and aromatherapy. Laurel decided to study massage therapy and entered the Alexandrian Institute in 1998, receiving her diploma and Ontario certification in 1999. She then moved to Fredericton, New Brunswick, where she worked in a variety of clinical settings. In 2002, Laurel was hired to work for a year on the Queen Elizabeth 2 ocean liner as a hydrotherapist/massage therapist, reflexologist, and spa supervisor.

In 2003, Laurel completed her teaching certificate and M.Ed. in adult education at the University of New Brunswick (UNB), as well as a diploma in university teaching. In addition to being a teaching assistant and sessional instructor at UNB, Laurel has taught at New Brunswick Community College (NBCC). She taught Hydrotherapy at the KinéConcept Institute, and has presented numerous seminars on reflexology, aromatherapy, and other health-related topics. Laurel currently works at Kikkawa College in Toronto.

Acknowledgements 3
Preface: Hydrotherapy or Temperature Therapy? 7

Chapter 1: Core Concepts 11
Properties of the Skin 13
Skin Functions 15
Reaction 18
Temperature Regulation 18
Properties of Water 24
Transfer of Heat 26
Manual Therapies 28
Effects of Temperature Therapy Applications 29

Chapter 2: Physiological Effects of Cold 35
Retrostasis and Heat Conservation 37
Hunting Response 38
Inflammation and Cryotherapy 39
Stages of Inflammation 43
Why Cold is Effective 44
Duration of Effects of Cold 47
Influences on Cold’s Effects 49
Direct Effects of Cold 51
Reflex Effects of Cold 56
Indications for Cold Applications 57
Caution with Cryotherapy 58

Chapter 3: Physiological Effects of Heat 61
Warm and Hot 63
Passive Derivation 64
Factors That Influence Heat’s Effects 67
Direct Effects of Heat 69
Reflex Effects of Heat 78
Indications for Heat Applications 83
Caution with Thermotherapy 84

Chapter 4: Physiological Effects of Contrast 87
Indications for Contrast Treatments 94
Caution with Contrast 95

Chapter 5: Temperature Therapy Guidelines 97
Case History 99
Assessment 100
Dosimetry 108
Informed Consent 114
General Treatment Guidelines 116
Ending a Treatment 121
Negative Reactions 123

Chapter 6: Contraindications and Cautions 131
What are Contraindications and Cautions? 133
Temperature Therapy Critical Thinking 135
Medications 138
Contraindications and Cautions List 141

Chapter 7: Commonly Used Treatments 161
Gel Packs and Ice Bags 164
Ice Massage 166
Ice Bandage 168
Compresses and Fomentations 170
Foot Baths 184
Tonic Friction Applications 188
Washings 198
Thermophore 202
Hydrocollator 204
Paraffin Wax Bath 207
Hot Stone Massage 212

Chapter 8: Large, Intense Hydrotherapy Treatments 217
Introduction: Large Scale Hydrotherapy Treatments 219
General Procedures 221
Steam Treatments 223
Baths 232
Sitz Baths 235
Whirlpool 240
Spray 242

Chapter 9: Additives 245
Essential Oils 247
Epsom Salts 252
Apple Cider Vinegar 254
Ginger 254
Mustard 256
Baking Soda 258
Oatmeal 258
Castor Oil 259

Chapter 10: Home Care Temperature Therapy 263
Client Education 265
Recommending Home Treatments 267
Monitoring Outcomes 273

Appendix 275
Celsius/Fahrenheit Conversion 276
Temperature Range Chart 277
Key Words and Terms 278
Bibliography 284
Index 288