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Trail Guide to Movement

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Availability: In stock

$49.95
Product code: 34

By: Andrew Biel, L.M.P.
Soft Cover
265 pages with 1,400 illustrations
ISBN #978-0-9914666-2-7

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Product Description

Join author Andrew Biel on the unique and fascinating journey as he helps you build -- step by step -- a human body in motion! Instead of dissecting the body into smaller, isolated pieces, Trail Guide to Movement takes a unique approach of building the body into larger, interconnected components. The author asks the reader to join him as an active participant in building the body from scratch.

New for the fifth edition:

*Organized by the four key structures for movement: connective tissue, joints, muscles and nerves, the text applies bio-mechanical principles and invites the reader to explore the concepts of posture and gait

*Written with the same encouraging voice and subtle humour as the iconic Trail Guide to the Body, making the study of human movement easy to understand, captivating and memorable

*Reinforces the reader’s knowledge with more than 100 review questions found in the back of the book

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 – Introduction 1

How to Use This Book 2

The Parts List 4

A Day in the Life of Movement 6

Mobility in the 21st Century 12

 

Chapter 2 – The Essentials of Movement 15

Kinesiology 16

Statics and Dynamics 17

Kinetics and Kinematics 18

Mobility, Stability, Balance and Coordination 18

Simultaneous and Sequential Movement 19

Movement Patterns and Kinetic Chains 20

Proportion, Symmetry and Compensation 21

 

Chapter 3 – Connective Tissue, part 1 23

The Ubiquitous Material 24

The Basics of Connective Tissue 24

The Recipe for Connective Tissue 24

Cells 25

Extracellular Matrix 25

In the Lab—A Detour Down the Meat Aisle 27

Soft Tissue Properties 28

Stretch 28

Elasticity 28

Plasticity 28

Creep 28

Thixotropy 29

Tensile Strength 29

Piezoelectric Effect 30

Colloidal 30

Types of Connective Tissue 31

Considering Them Structurally 31

Considering Them Functionally 32

The Push and Pull of Your Tissues 33

Chart—A Connective Tissue Breakdown 34

 

Chapter 4 – Connective Tissue, part 2 35

Bone 36

Types of Bone 36

Functions of Bone 36

Let’s Build a Bone 37

Structure of Bone 37

Recipe for Building a Bone 37

Major Parts of a Bone 38

In the Lab—

Wolff’s Law 38

In the Lab—

Stacked and Compressed? 39

Cartilage 40

Fascial Tissues 41

Proper Fascia 42

Fascia Profunda 42

Muscle Envelope 43

Septum 43

Aponeurosis 43

Interosseous Membrane 43

Retinaculum 43

Joint Capsule 43

Ligament and Tendon 44

Other Variations 45

Putting It All Together 46

Bones, Fasciae and All the Rest 46

Functions of Your Connective Tissue Network 46

The Sunflower, Fluid and You 47

In the Lab—Local, Global, Internal and External 49

In the Lab—Collagen, Demand and Flushing 50

Chapter 5 – Joints, part 1 53

Planes and Axes 54

Anatomical Position 54

Planes 54

Axes 56

Movements of the Body 57

Joints in General 63

Joint Classification 63

Joint Structure 63

Let’s Build a Synovial Joint 66

Types of Synovial Joints 69

Joint Function 71

Joint Mobility and Stability 72

Joint Chart 73

 

Chapter 6 – Joints, part 2 75

Range of Motion 76

Active and Passive Range of Motion 77

Hypermobility and Hypomobility 79

End-Feel 80

Types of Joint Motion 82

Closed and Open Kinetic Chains 85

Convex-Concave Rule 86

Joint Surface Positions 87

In the Lab—Rejected Bone and Joint Concepts 88

Chapter 7 – Muscles, part 1 91

Basics of Muscle Tissue 92

Types of Muscle Tissue 92

Muscle and Fascia: The True Story 93

Function 101—Contractions 94

Components of Skeletal Muscle 96

Let’s Build a Muscle 98

Build a Sarcomere 98

Thick and Thin Filaments 99

Sliding Filament Mechanism 99

Contraction Cycle 100

Myofibrils and Muscle Fibers 101

Plumbers and Electricians 102

The Wrap-Up 102

Functions of Muscle Tissue 103

Properties of Muscle Tissue 104

Chapter 8 – Muscles, part 2 105

Shapes and Arrangements of Muscles 106

Structure 106

Parallel and Pennate 107

A Functional Comparison 108

Two Contests 109

Programming Our Muscle 110

Motor Units 110

All-or-None 110

Spread Out 111

How Much and How Fast? 111

Recruitment 111

Wave Summation 112

Types of Contractile Fibers 113

Three Types 113

Ratios? 114

Types of Contractions 115

Concentric 115

Eccentric 115

Isometric 116

Reverse Actions 117

In the Lab—Tight, Short and Long Muscles 119

Chapter 9 – Muscles, part 3 121

Roles of Muscles 122

No Muscle Is an Island 124

Factors That Affect a Muscle’s Role 126

In the Lab—

Passive and Active Insufficiency 128

The Psoas-less Sit-Up 129

Bonus Actions of Muscles 129

Postural and Phasic Muscles 130

X Marks the Spot 131

Length and Speed Matter 133

Chapter 10 – Nerves, part 1 137

Nerves and Muscles—The Dynamic Duo 138

Central Nervous System 139

Peripheral Nervous System 140

Let’s Build a Neuron 141

Parts of a Neuron 141

Functions 141

Classifications 141

Synapse 142

Neurons to Nerves 142

The Wrapping 142

Peripheral Nerves 143

Laying Out the Cable 145

Plexi and Nerve Distribution in the Appendages 145

Cervical Plexus 145

Brachial Plexus 145

Axillary Nerve 146

Musculocutaneous Nerve 146

Radial Nerve 146

Median Nerve 147

Ulnar Nerve 147

Lumbar Plexus 148

Sacral Plexus 148

Femoral Nerve 148

Obturator Nerve 149

Sciatic Nerve 149

Tibial Nerve 150

Common Peroneal Nerve 150

 

Chapter 11 – Nerves, part 2 151

Let’s Flip the Switch 152

Proprioception and Muscle Function 152

Sensors and Feedback 153

Muscle Spindle Cells 153

Vulnerable 153

The Stretch Reflex 154

Golgi Tendon Organs 155

Lifting a Heavy Box 156

The Bowling Ball 156

Pacinian Corpuscles and Ruffini’s End Organs 157

I Can’t Shorten If You Don’t Lengthen 158

Reciprocal Inhibition and Other Reflexes 158

A Rubber Band Around a Stick 158

In the Lab — 159

Tonus

Equilibrium Above All Else

Reflexes

Putting It Into Practice 160

The Neuromuscular System in Action 160

Proprioceptive (In)Accuracy 160

Levator Goes from 5 to 8.5 161

Using Muscle Tissue’s Properties 161

Stretch Reflex versus Styles of Stretching 162

Using the Stretch Reflex to Your Advantage 163

Relax with Your Golgi Tendon Organs 163

Post-Isometric Relaxation

and Reciprocal Inhibition 164

In the Lab— 165

The Infant and Lifelong Patterns

Fun in a Doorway

Chapter 12 – Biomechanics, part 1 167

Biomechanics—The Basics 168

Statics and Dynamics 168

Osteokinematics and Arthrokinematics 168

Kinetics and Kinematics 168

Force 169

Inertia and Mass 169

Torque 169

Vector 170

Friction 170

Velocity and Momentum 170

Gravity 171

Laws of Motion 172

First—Law of Inertia 172

Second—Law of Acceleration 173

Third—Law of Action-Reaction 174

Force in Depth 176

Linear Force 176

Parallel Force 177

Concurrent Force 177

Torque in Depth 178

Chapter 13 – Biomechanics, part 2 181

Levers 182

First-Class Lever 183

Second-Class Lever 184

Third-Class Lever 185

In the Lab—Stability 186

In the Lab—Stability, Balance and Motion 188

Chapter 14 – Posture 191

Posture and Gait 192

Two Big Challenges 192

Posture 192

Gait 193

Standing Posture 194

How Do We Get You Upright? 194

In the Lab— 196

Other Postural Points-of-View

Healthy Posture

The Role of Soft Tissues in Upright Posture 197

Building a Myofascial Core 198

Building Postural Supporters 200

Stability Dysfunction and Pain Patterns 201

Upright Postural Distortions 202

Kyphotic-Lordotic Posture 202

Rounded Back 202

Swayback 203

Scoliosis 203

Torticollis 203

Flat Back 204

Other Common Postural Distortions 205

Forward Head Posture 205

Rounded Shoulders 205

Raised Shoulder 205

Postural Elements in the Lower Limbs 206

Hyperpronation 206

Genu Valgum and Genu Verum 207

In the Lab—Sitting, Bending Over and Lying Down 208

Chapter 15 – Gait 213

Gait 214

Stance and Swing Phases 215

Gait and the Hips 218

In the Lab—Other Factors in Gait 219

Muscle Activity During Gait 220

In the Lab—Furniture and Clothing 222

Abnormal Gaits 226

Muscular Weakness/Paralysis 226

Limitation of Joint Range of Motion 228

Neurological Involvement 229

Taking a Look Around 230

A Day in the Life of Movement, Part 2 234

Index and More 239

Review Questions and Answers 241

Objectives 248

Joint Range of Motion Chart 249

Glossary of Terms 251

Bibliography 257